The soil, origin and basis for all plants
For beautiful plants in your own garden and growth in your beds , it is crucial to keep the soil fresh, healthy and nutrient-rich.
The floor is the essential element. Nutrient supplier, water reservoir and stable support all in one. But not only its texture is crucial, but also the gardener himself can contribute a lot, if he takes to heart some tips and takes care of his soil.
Without a healthy soil, crops and ornamental plants cannot thrive properly. Therefore, you should first know what soil conditions prevail in your garden. In general, four main classical soil types can be distinguished: Sand, silt, clay and loam. Logically, the respective soils also have different properties – in terms of mineral, organic components or resilience.
Machinability of soils
Furthermore, soils can be distinguished in terms of their workability: Thus, sandy soils are called light soils, while clayey to loamy soils are called heavy soils.
Light, sandy or insufficiently water retentive soils.
can be worked very well, transport water and nutrients very well and warm up quickly. however, they cannot store water and nutrients adequately, which can cause plants to “starve”.
To increase the humus content of the soil,
you can incorporate compost or organic fertilizer. In our opinion, you should not use mineral fertilizers, because they are sometimes very energy-intensive in production and can lead to salinization of the soil.
Organic fertilizers supplement the nutrient supply of the cultivated crops in the garden. The nutrients present in the soil are often not in the optimal usable form and quantity. Only the supply of plant nutrients through fertilization enables the plant to be optimally supplied. Fertilization should be adjusted to the plant’s needs. The use of our organic fertilizers optimizes the nutrition of the plant, promotes plant growth, improves the yield and also the quality of the harvested products. Soil fertility is permanently increased by organic fertilization.
You can achieve a basic improvement in the soil humus layer by consistently applying composted natural fertilizers. With these fertilizers, humic compounds are built up through complex composting processes, which form the so-called permanent humus.
- Humus (organic matter) improves soil structure and increases soil life. You can increase the humus content with natural fertilizers and well-matured composts. However, composts should absolutely be free of pathogens and weed seeds. Therefore, support the microorganisms in the conversion of your compost by adding lime or special compost starters.
- in “heavy” clayey and loamy soils, humus significantly loosens the soil
- a soil rich in humus better stores nutrients in a form available to plants (especially important for sandy soils). Humus also reduces the leaching of nitrogen
- Humus stores precipitation water – like in a sponge – in a form that is immediately available to the plant; more water is thus available to the roots during dry phases!
Organic fertilizers and compost accelerators:
- ORGASAN complete fertilizer
- Organic tomato fertilizer
- Horn Gries
- Compost accelerator
To reduce water loss and increase the water holding capacity of the soil of the soil, it is especially recommended for beds to cover them with bark mulch.
Heavy, clayey or compacted soils are particularly well suited for gardening and landscaping as water and nutrient storage. However, water and nutrients are not ideally transported, which brings the risk of waterlogging. Likewise, they can quickly become muddy or dry out very quickly if exposed to the sun for a long time. The incorporation of sand or compost creates voids and permeability through which the soil can breathe better.
For strongly compacted soil should dig up the soil before the first frost. The clods of earth should be left exposed. Due to the expansion of frozen water frost “bursts” the soil and finely crumples in the spring. In raised beds, the soil is easiest to keep fine and crumbly, because they are not walked on.